Overall, Germany has a warm, temperate, wet climate with westerly winds. Extreme fluctuations in temperature are rare. Rain falls throughout the year. Mild winters (2ºC to -6ºC) and moderately hot summers (18ºC to 20ºC) are the norm.
In Germany, the power sockets are of type F. The standard voltage is 230 V and the standard frequency is 50 Hz
Type F: This socket also works with plug types C and E.
Whether you will require a power plug adapter depends on the plugs used in your own country. You can use your electric appliances in Germany if the standard voltage in your country is between 220 - 240 V (as it is in the UK, Europe, Australia and most of Asia and Africa). Manufacturers take these small deviations into account.
If the standard voltage in your country is in the range of 100 V - 127 V (as it is in the US, Canada and most South American countries), you need a voltage converter in Germany. You can also consider a combined power plug adapter/voltage converter.
Just in case you experience health problems or have an accident in Germany, 112 is the emergency number for the police, ambulance and fire services.
You dial 112 in life-threatening situations and to call the police after an accident. The call goes to a public safety operator who coordinates calls and sends the required service immediately.
The main language is German, of course. You should be aware that there are many different regional accents and dialects, although "Hochdeutsch" (Standard German) is understood everywhere.
Many Germans also speak good English, so there should be very few language barriers for foreign visitors.
Germany uses Central European Time (Mitteleuropäische Zeit, MEZ), which is UTC+1, from the last Sunday in October until the last Sunday in March. On the last Sunday in March, Central European Summer Time begins. In Germany we refer to daylight saving time (UTC+2) simply as summertime (Sommerzeit).
You'll find various opening times throughout Germany. Supermarkets are usually open from 8am to 8 or 10pm. Department stores open from 9am to 8pm. Small stores usually close at 6:30pm, while bakeries and newsagents open very early and close at 6pm.
With a few exceptions, shops are closed on Sundays and public holidays. Depending on the state, shops will be open on four or six selected Sundays throughout the year.
Bakeries usually open for three or four hours on Sunday mornings.
In tourist areas and health resorts, souvenir shops may remain open on Sundays.
Petrol stations are open on Sundays during the day; in major cities and along the Autobahn they are open 24/7. Here you can also buy soft drinks, alcohol, basic food, newspapers, cigarettes, and other useful items for travellers.